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When exposed to words presented under perceptually disfluent conditions (e.g., words written in Haettenschweiler font), participants have difficulty initially recognizing the words. Those same words, though, may be better remembered later than words presented in standard type font. This counterintuitive finding is referred to as the disfluency effect. Evidence for this disfluency effect, however, has been mixed, suggesting possible moderating factors. Using a recognition memory task, level of disfluency was examined as a moderating factor across three experiments using a novel cursive manipulation that varied on degree of legibility (easy-to-read cursive vs. hard-to-read cursive). In addition, list type and retention interval between study and test were manipulated. Across all three experiments, cursive words engendered better memory than type-print words. This memory effect persisted across varied list designs (blocked vs. mixed) and a longer (24-hour) retention interval. A small-scale meta-analysis across the three experiments suggested that the cursive disfluency effect is moderated by level of disfluency: easy-to-read cursive words tended to be better remembered than hard-to-read cursive words. Taken together, these results challenge extant accounts of the disfluency effect. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
In M&C, 2018

Recent Publications

When exposed to words presented under perceptually disfluent conditions (e.g., words written in Haettenschweiler font), participants …

Do students learn better with material that is perceptually harder-to-process? Previous research has been equivocal concerning this …

Prior research by Hartwig and Dunlosky [(2012). Study strategies of college students: Are self-testing and scheduling related to …

Answering questions before a learning episode-prequestions-can enhance memory for that information. A number of studies have explored …

A core assumption underlying competitive-network models of word recognition is that in order for a word to be recognized, the …

Psychological scientists have recently started to reconsider the importance of close replications in building a cumulative knowledge …

Posts

This is an R markdown file explaining pupil preprocessing functions contained in the gazeR package. The example dataset is from a …

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